Le président de la Canadian Library Association, Alvin Schrader, vient d’envoyer une missive ouverte aux ministres de l’industrie (Hon. Jim Prentice) et du Patrimoine (Hon. Josée Verner) concernant la réforme du droit d’auteur. Voici les quatre points soulevés par le président de l’association nationale anglophone :
CLA has four specific points to raise:
First, should there be new copyright legislation, it needs to be carefully crafted so that it punishes copyright-infringing behaviour but does not ban devices that might be used to circumvent technological prevention measures. These devices have legitimate uses, such as enabling the print disabled to access copyrighted material; allowing libraries to preserve and maintain digital collections; allowing ordinary Canadians to exercise fair dealing; and allowing anyone to access protected material after its copyright expires. To ban the manufacture or distribution of “circumvention” devices risks punishing all Canadians for the actions of a few who abuse copyright.
Rather than ban devices, better solutions to the issue of technological prevention measures would be to use a provision similar to the Bill C-60 of the previous Parliament, or to consider Danish law. The portions of Bill C-60 dealing with circumvention and Danish Copyright Law are both worth emulating. In addition, anti circumvention legislation could be improved over Bill C-60 by including positive rights for users to bypass technical protections for fair dealing; and by ensuring that Canadians’ rights to privacy are not abused by technical protection measures.
Second, the government needs to recognize that government documents and government data belong to all Canadians and that all Canadians should have liberal access to these materials. Canadians often pay for government information several times over. For example, provincial and municipal governments must purchase Statistics Canada census material that Canadian taxpayers have already paid for once. Crown copyright needs to ensure that nonprofit use by Canadians of all government information doesn’t require permission or payment from the government. Instead acknowledgment that information has been taken from a government source should be sufficient.
Third, persons with perceptual disabilities must have the same right to access copyrighted materials as all Canadians have. This right should apply regardless of format in order to accommodate their particular needs. Legislation is required to give persons with perceptual disabilities access equity with others. The desire to punish counterfeiters and pirates should not also punish persons with perceptual disabilities by banning devices that can be used to legitimately access material that is blocked to them by technical protection measures.
Finally, the Canadian Library Association will oppose legislation that makes the same mistakes as the American Digital Millenium Copyright Act. As American legal scholar Lawrence Lessig points out, it is now less punitive for an American teenager to shoplift a CD then to circumvent a copy-protected CD. American law makes no differentiation in penalty between a counterfeiter circumventing technical protection measures for illegal profit and an individual circumventing technical protection measures to make a single copy.
M. Schrader désire rencontrer la ministre du Patrimoine pour discuter de ces points de vive voix.