ICANN et USA: Réforme de la gestion d'Internet?

Selon The Economist, les États-Unis considèrent relâcher leur emprise sur la gestion technologique d’Internet. En effet, l’agence ICANN, sous l’emprise du département du commerce américain, serait réformée pour inclure d’autres instances dans son cadre de gouvernance. L’hebdomadaire britannique précise:

For the past decade America has delegated some of its authority over the internet to a non-profit organisation called the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)—an arrangement other countries have complained about, both because they have little say in it and because ICANN’s management has occasionally proved erratic. ICANN’s latest mandate is due to expire on September 30th. The day before, a new accord is planned to come into effect, whereby America will pass some of its authority over ICANN to the “internet community” of businesses, individual users and other governments.

Previous agreements had maintained close American oversight over ICANN and imposed detailed reforms, but the latest document, called an “affirmation of commitments”, is only four pages long. It gives ICANN the autonomy to manage its own affairs. Whereas prior agreements had to be renewed every few years, the new one has no fixed term.

The agreement sets up oversight panels that include representatives of foreign governments to conduct regular reviews of ICANN’s work in four areas: competition among generic domains (such as .com and .net), the handling of data on registrants, the security of the network and transparency, accountability and the public interest—the only panel on which America will retain a permanent seat. But there are no penalties if ICANN fails to heed its new overseers short of a termination of the accord. [Lire la suite de l’article dans The Economist, «ICANN be independent» 24 Septembre 2009]

Par ailleurs, l’organisation suisse IP-Watch offre quelques autres détails.

Ce contenu a été mis à jour le 2009-10-05 à 8 h 07 min.