(Résumé de lecture) Access Principle, Willinsky, MIT Press 2006

Notes personnelles, pas nécessairement représentatives

Objectif du livre : (p. 5) « a commitment to the value and quality of research carries with it a responsibility to extend the circulation of this work as far as possible, and ideally to all who are interested in it and all who might profit from it. » (en italique dans le texte)

Table des matières:
1. Opening
2. Access p.13
3. Copyright p. 39
4. Associations p.55
5. Economics p. 69
6. Cooperative p.81
7. Development p.93
8. Public p.111
9. Politics p.127
10. Rights p.143
11. Reading p.155
12. Indexing p.173
13. History p.189
Appendixes: A. Ten flavors of open access ; B. Scholarly Association Budgets; C. Journal Management Economics ; D. An Open Access Cooperative ; E. Indexing of the Serial Literature ; F. Metadata for journal publishing

Chapitre 2, « Access »
p. 15-7 pratique de la vente en bouquet de titres de périodiques universitaires
p. 21 vanité, fierté… motivation des profs ou chercheurs
p. 22 « research impact »
p. 27 définition de « open access » : Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002) ; Bethesda Statement on Open Access
p. 36-7 « Bodies of knowledge that would advance human understanding and benefit humankind seem so clearly a public good that it might well be hard for someone who is not part of the current system of scholarly publishing to understand why the research and scholarship literature is not being made as open as possible. One might argue that the print economy of journal publishing was once as open and far-reaching as is economically possible. Har journal prices not skyrocketed over the last few decades, it is possible that the idea of creating open access would not have taken the form that it has, or at least the idea would not have the force and urgency that it has now assumed »

3. « Copyright »
p. 40 Creative Commons, Lawrence Lessig, James Boyle, Yochai Benkler have challenged copyright extensions before the Supreme Court
p. 41 « Justice Louis Brandeis expressed what is at stake for them in a dissenting opinion he delivered in a 1918 Supreme Court case involving the press: « The general rule of law is, that the noblest of human productions – knowledge, truths ascertained, conceptions, and ideas- become, after voluntary communication to others, free as the air to common use. » » [cited by Benkler (1999, 354): International News Serv. v. Associated Press, 248 U.S. 215, 250 (1918) Brandeis, J. dissenting]
p. 43 Miller v. University Studio, US Fifth Circuit, 1981: qui possède les résultats de recherche, distinction entre expression et idée, faits et objet du droit d’auteur. Citation via []McSherry, C.2001. Who owns academic work? Battling for control of intellectual property Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2001]

5. Economics
p. 77 LOCKSS

8. Public
Digital divide

9. Politics
More access = democratic divide? (put stuff out, less consultation and discussion)

10. Rights
Prix élevés d’accès aux périodiques est-il une attaque aux droits fondamentaux?
Claude, Richard Pierre. 2002. Science in the service of human rights. U. Philadelphia Press
p. 146 « I want to reiterate that a right to know is not solely about having access to knowledge that will prevent harm or reduce suffering. Rather, the right to know, to reiterate this book’s theme, is about having fair and equitable access to a public good. It is about the responsibility of researchers and scholars to ensure that there are no unwarranted impediments to the widest possible circulation of the ideas and information with which they work »
p. 147-8 cite Derrida, Jacques. 2002. Who’s afraid of philosophy: Right to philosophy I. Trans. Jan Plug. Stanford U.P.
Derrida, Jacques. 2001. The future of the profession or the unconditional university. In Derrida downunder, ed. Simmons and Worth, 233-247. New Zealand:
p. 179 [Kant sur l’enseignement de la philo, « What is enlightenment » Berlinische Monatsschrift, 1784] « For Kant, people need the « freedom to make public use of [their] reason in all matters, » that is, « without outside guidance » » (emphase dans l’original) [voir: In Kant: Political writings, ed. Hans Riss, trans. Nisbett, 54-60, Cambridge U.P.]

13. History
p. 189 cite Elizabeth Eisenstein (1979) « landmark study on the introduction of print in Europe » The Printing Press as an Agent of Social Change
Johns, Adrian. 1998. The nature of the book: print and knowledge in the making. Chicago U.P.

Appendix F
P. 242 précise que dans le Open Journal System (que son équipe a conçu), le champ « Rights » du Dublin Core indique, par défaut, « Author retains copyright, granting first publication rights to journal (default version) »

Bibliographie (sélection)
Chomsky, Noam. 1997. Media control: The spectacular achievements of propaganda. New York: Seven Story

Samuelson, Paul A. 1954. The pure theory of public expenditure. Review of Economics and Statistics 36: 387-389

Weber, Max. 1930. The protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism London: Unwin University [cité à la page 191 car les chercheurs traînent leurs portables à la maison, « as if to throw a cable across the devide between workplace and domicile that Max Weber (1930) identifies as a necessary feature of capitalism. » via Johns, Adrian p. 629, 1998, The nature of the book: print and knowledge in the making. Chicago U.P.]

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