Lecture (rapide) de Intellectual freedom manual 2006
Office for Intellectual Freedom, 2006, Intellectual freedom manual, 7th ed., American Library Association
Evelyn Shaevel, Beverley Becker, and Candice D. Morgan, « Challenges and Issues Today » pp. 45-52
These objections [to unlimited access to information] currently center upon four major issues: (1) access to the Internet, (2) the right of youth to access library materials, (3) the privacy of library patrons and the confidentiality of patrons’ records, and (4) access to government information.
p. 52 « Access to government information » (citant les lois anti-terroristes qui limitent l’accès à l’information gouvernementale et les nouvelles lenteurs des demandes d’accès à l’information):
Libraries are the means by which all individuals in this country have free access to information produced by governments. When access to government information is restricted or removed, libraries are unable to accomplish this very important aspect of their mission. Federal and state document depository systems as well as freedom of information laws provide the means for libraries to acquire the publications and reference information necessary to provide library users with government information.
Judith F. Krug, « Libraries and the Internet » pp. 394-401
Intellectual freedom is based on the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, particularly the freedom of the press and the freedom of speech clauses. Librarians have interpreted these clauses to mean that all people ave the right to hold any belief or idea on any subject and to express those beliefs or ideas in whatever form they consider appropriate. The ability to express an idea or a belief is meaningless, however, unless there is an equal commitment to the right of unrestricted access to information and ideas regardless of the communication medium. Intellectual freedom, then, is the right to express one’s ideas and the right of others to be able to read, hear or view them.
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